ASA 125th Meeting Ottawa 1993 May

2pMU5. Effects of discontinuous F3 transitions on phonetic identification and fusion.

Michael D. Hall

Richard E. Pastore

Ctr. for Cognitive and Psycholinguistic Sci., SUNY---Binghamton, Binghamton, NY 13902-6000

According to general perceptual principles, figural goodness and feature integration of stimuli should reflect the continuity between components; in CV syllables this continuity might be between phoneme-distinguishing glide (formant transition) and vowel formant. Two experiments examined continuity effects on identification and fusion for sinewave syllables based on common CV parameters. Experiment 1 provided a perceptual basis for equating isolated glides and stationary tones. Independent of glide direction, perceptual matches tended to be based upon temporally adjacent portions of the stimuli. Using matched stimuli, experiment 2 evaluated the relative contribution to phonetic identification of (1) frequency continuity of transition and formant and (2) transition direction. Subjects discriminated the original syllables from binaural and dichotic syllables containing either continuous or discontinuous F3 transitions. Identification was influenced more by transition direction than by goodness of physical continuity. Furthermore, very different patterns of results were obtained for binaural conditions and dichotic conditions in which responses indicated fusion. The nature of information provided by transitions and operation of schema are discussed. [Work supported by NSF and AFOSR.]